Short-billed Thymelia (lat. Sphenocichla humei ) Is a species of passerine birds from the thimeliad family ( Timaliidae ). S. h. roberti is now considered a separate species - Sphenocichla roberti, of the same kind - Sphenocichla, since it differs from short-billed thymelia in singing. The short-beaked thymelia is distributed from the extreme east of Nepal, Sikkim and north of West Bengal eastward to Bhutan and northeastern India (northwest of Arunachal Pradesh). Body length - 17 cm. An alarming scream sounds like a dry chirping "hrrt-hrrt-hrrt ...», «hrr`it" etc .
Description and distribution
Banded Thrush Thymelia (Turdoides striata) - endemic to South and Southeast Asia. They are very social birds that usually feed in small groups of 6-10 birds. They can be found both in forests and in city gardens.
They feed mainly on insects, but they also eat grains, nectar and berries.
Reproduce striped thrush thymelia throughout the year. They reach sexual maturity at the age of three years. Thymelia nest is located in trees among dense foliage. In clutch of these birds there are usually 3-4 bluish-green eggs. As a rule, helpers (young birds from previous broods) help parents to feed chicks, and this significantly increases the number of surviving chicks. At the age of about two years, young females leave the parental group, while males often remain in it and become helpers. The striped thrush thimelia lives for quite a long time - up to 15-17 years.
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The family unites small and medium-sized birds, outwardly resembling thrush and warblers with short stepped wings, often rounded tails, and strong legs. Most of the time thimelias spend in the thickets, scampering along the branches at the surface and running across the ground. At the same time, the birds communicate with each other with loud whistles, squeaks and squealing. Some species sing well. The nest is arranged in the bushes near the ground. The clutch contains 2-6 eggs of a single color (bluish and greenish), sometimes with spots. They feed on berries, fruits, insects, often also hard seeds, but there are also more specialized ones: insectivorous or fructivorous.
Most of the species are characteristic of tropical Asia and Africa.
The general taxonomy of Thymelia is still poorly developed due to the great diversity and poor knowledge of most tropical representatives.
As of June 2018, the family includes 9 genera and 53 species:
- Dumetia Blyth, 1852 - Dumetia
- Macronus Jardine & Selby, 1835 - Tit Bubblers
- Pomatorhinus Horsfield, 1821 - Crooked-billed Thymelia
- Rhopocichla Oates, 1889 - Blackhead Bubblers
- Spelaeornis David & Oustalet, 1877 - Wren Bubblers
- Sphenocichla Godwin-Austen & Walden, 1875 - Short-billed Thymelia
- Stachyridopsis Oates, 1883
- Stachyris Hodgson, 1844 - Stachiris
- Timalia Horsfield, 1821 - Red-capped Thymelia
Earlier, about 40 genera belonged to the family of Thymelia, which, according to the results of modern studies, now belong to the following families: Arcanatoridae, Bernieridae, comic thymelia (Leiothrichidae), baleen tits (Panuridae), ground thimelia (Pellorneidae), warblers (Sylviidae), Wang ), vireonic (Vireonidae) and white-eyed (Zosteropidae).